With advanced technology, we are soon to enter the 4th industrial revolution.
3D Printing Technology is making endless possibility with its mass customization and quick rapid prototyping. Almost anything that you can imagine can be 3D printed.
Customization is really changing the way we think about design and production. 3D printing gives everybody an opportunity to create anything they can imagine. It’s a new tool for digital fabrication method and you can use it to improve your workflow.
With this technology, manufacturers can customize every single product to your own specification.
Manufacturing companies can make the prototype of objects before committing to more expensive or time-consuming medium.
For example, you can order a car in one of many different shapes listed on the manufacturer’s website or in a shape that you have designed.
3D Printing Technology And its Working?
In this technology with a click on the button, you can convert your digital file into a physical product.
Many people have started printing their costly products into their customized product. I think that it’s going to open a new area for mass customization. The cool thing about this technology is that the parts printed are not copyrighted.
Meaning you can print your costly parts of at cheap affordable rates. So, in future copyright questions are going to vanish.
3D printing is really gonna change the culture of passive consumer behaviour to an active creator.
This surely gonna change the way we think about not only buying the product but how they are made.
The working of 3D printing is very simple.
- Get your 3D file of product that you want to create.
i. You can download it from various sourcing sites.
ii. You can design your own 3D file with the help of multiple software like Autocad, Solidworks.
- Fix the print settings- Use software like
cura, slicer which are gonna build your parts layer by layer. Check the setting like print nozzle, the temperature of nozzle, heating bed.
- Fix Filament- Load the filament material into the nozzle.
- Press the print button.
The 3D printer will give you all the details like how much time will it take, xyz axis movement.
Be careful while printing that the geometry of your object is clean and your print is not shifting. Ensure that any cantilever or projection from the print is handled correctly by the printer.
Its the speed and ease which you can create physical ideas of your model or product that will transform the whole design process.
You’re able to create a 3 dimensional part and your possibilities are limited to your imaginations.
The ability of 3D printing technology is that common people will create new big inventions and many engineers, designers will run small production houses or prototypes of products.
Teachers will be able to explain the science fundamentals in real physical form. Domestic people will create their custom products like a smartphone case, accessory, towel hook etc.
Daily the price of 3D printers are becoming cheaper and at one stage every home will have a 3d printer for their daily needs.
History of 3D Printing
The origin of 3D printing can be traced back to Japan almost 40 years ago. The first man who was credited with this
concept is the man Dr. Gao Kodama. He was working the Nagoya municipal industrial research institute. He developed and release his research on a rapid prototyping system.
This initial machine would simply stack layer on layer of photopolymers and acrylic based material to create a solid object.
But unfortunately, Dr.
After a few years in mid-1980, Charles hull invented the process stereolithography. It uses photopolymers but in liquid form and expose them to UV lasers which caused them to harden. He received the first patent for his machine a stereolithographic device or SLA machine.
A similar process was developed by Karl Dekker in 1987 used powder instead of liquid photopolymers.
Over the next several years the technology underwent further changes to make it faster more efficient process. One notable development was the creation of deposition
This technology takes a melted down material pushes it out through a nozzle upon one another this process is still commonly used today.
Throughout 90s many 3D printing companies were created but only few of these original companies remain.
Today the process of 3D printing began to be focused on a specific field such as the manufacturing industry and even into the medical field. The ability to create complex precise parts was incredibly beneficial to manufacturing.
This focus on how to utilize this developing technology led to the first ever 3D printed organ a bladder. The scaffold was printed and the cells were injected into it providing a place for the tissue to grow.
Human being for the development were made including prosthetics and even a functioning miniature kidney.
One new area involves 3D printing food in NASA is going as far as to create a 3D food printer that works in the zero gravity of space is not even 40 years.
3D printing has gone from its infancy to full-fledged industry possibilities for design and creation are limitless as human imagination.
Most Common 3D Printing Materials
The most important is the essential characterization of 3D prinitng & the choice of material. The most important thing is what you want to create, the properties, everything is determined by materials.
The problem with the material is that it has a very huge variety. Nearly 70,000 materials are available in the market. These materials give new opportunities to create new applications. The most common material for 3D printing is PLA, ABS and PETG.
Widely available in the market, It’s easy to print. It got a lot of colour choices. You can put cool things in it, the fills, the modifications, things like that.
PLA isn’t got structural integrity over time. Over time it will experience a phenomenal creep. If a part is loaded over time it will continue changing shape and it will not be useful long term.
Good structural option. It has a good blend of strength and flexibility. If you bend an ABS parts it’s going to give a lot before it breaks.
The other really popular use of ABS is easy post-processing like sanding, vapor polishing, solvent welding.
The drawbacks are styrene fumes. It is potentially dangerous and harmful.
It requires more heat than PLA, requires a heated bed. There is some lifting it requires better bed adhesion.
PTEG blends best of ABS and PLA. The challenges to the environment are not as much as they are with ABS. Available in lots of colours. You can modify a lot.
You can have PETG that’s good at barely above a warm temperature and then you can get PETH that’s good above 120 and they are all different things. There is no
3D Printing Applications
3D printing is making enormous progress in the various sector the application is huge. This technology is being used by people in a wide range of sectors.
One of the major adopters of 3D printing because healthcare is very highly complex and uses a lot of highly customized parts.
Every person is different need and sizes and healthcare really fits well with 3D printing. Example prosthetic hand, hearing aid, human organs, broken bird beak etc.
2. Consumer Goods
All types of daily consumer goods can be 3d printed. You can print a shoe according to your size. For this, you don’t require CAD knowledge.
You can go to a website like my mini factory, grab CAD, Thingiverse and download a file and get a print. High-end custom bikes are also in developing progress.
Big countries like Russia and China have started printing houses by fusion deposition modeling.
Concrete is used as a material which is deposited layer by layer.
These houses are perfect for extreme weather conditions and are low cost.
Now you can create complex parts that have not been able to print it before.
With jigs, you can create highly complex geometry to accommodate more complex geometry.
You can make an ergonomic model that is lighter than previous models.
You can also print mould with less time and less cost.
With additive manufacturing you can create lightweight parts. Companies are creating prototypes of car models and different components with a much quicker time.
Micheline the tyre company has introduced a new prototypical tyre that is airless and is 3D printed using biomimetic design and made from recyclable material.
Aerospace companies are looking to make the more lightweight plane in order to save money on fuel. NASA is making parts for a rocket launcher or rocket propellers.
This reduces the weight by 45%. Astronauts can print exploratory tools or tools they need to make repairs in the space stations.
3D Printing Companies
If you have a good and unique design then you can sell it on the marketplace like Shapeways which can turn into a passive income.
You are bringing a product in the market without risk and for this, you don’t have to maintain an inventory.
3D printing is soon going to put global supply chain out of business.
For the launch of new products in the market, it takes years and then you have to find the manufacturer, investor which are a too costly process.
This could be scary technology for some companies who are currently now in manufacturing. If all people get the power of manufacturing their own products, seasonal products market will be down.
Newly launched products will lose its market. Social media will be so powerful platform where people will exchange their products and ideas.
Future of 3D Printing
3D printing technology is going to impact on all people whether you are a designer or not. The future 3D printers will allow you to create 3-dimensional structures out of living cells.
They can build complex structures like blood vessels or skin tissue. In the coming 10-20 years, a scientist will be printing organs like heart or kidney, so people don’t have to depend on donors for their living.
In MIT scientist are working on 3D printers that will cook food for you and it will be automated by artificial intelligence Siri. It will be an exciting time to see this voice command technology connected in every house.
The environmentalist is using a 3D printer to solve environmental problems. Many researchers are working on 3D printers that can print concrete to make replacements for the damage of larger parts of the great barrier reef.
3D Printing has a strong community that never stops innovating. There are thousands of innovators who are inventing new things every day.
3D printing is the next wave of how brands and consumer can engage and centurion 3D job will be to facilitate and make sure it keeps that happening. In future, we are going to see many people unleashing their potential for creativity.
As time goes on we may see it expands to further areas including construction, music. We continue to push it to the limits and by doing so we are paving the way into the future.